“If one glass is broken in a building and no one is replacing it, then after a while there will not be a whole window left in this building,” says the popular theory developed in the early 1980s by American sociologists James Wilson and George Kelling. According to this theory, connivance with petty hooliganism leads to a general deterioration in the crime situation. To small hooligans who poison society, sociologists included stowaways, those who litter on the street, and vandals who beat windows and paint graffiti on city walls.
This theory for many years has become the basis of society’s attitude to street artists, who once and for all were recorded as vandals contributing to the ghettoization of urban areas. Only towards the beginning of the new century, the view of graffiti began to change gradually – until it turned into a diametrically opposite one.
The brightest example of these changes is the fate of one of the most famous New York graffiti – Crack Is Wack. In 1986, its author, artist Keith Haring, was arrested, and the work itself was painted by the authorities. But almost immediately after that, the Department of New York parks, which drew attention to the incredible popularity of this graffiti and its acute social message, appealed to Kharing with the request to recreate the work in its original place – already legally. Following New York, the authorities of many other cities were convinced that with a reasonable approach to the cause, street art can become an important tool for the regeneration of public spaces.
In New York, graffiti is ubiquitous, but the best works are concentrated in the hipster district of the city – Bushvik. Bushvik is called a “cultural enclave”, as other parts of Brooklyn do not look so prosperous, and their inhabitants do not clamber to the top of the Maslow pyramid.
Many of the street artists are invited by the city authorities specially, arranging exhibitions (as, foe example New York Street Gallery), but someone in the old manner continues to paint the walls illegally sometime using solid paint markers, despite the fact that in New York it is punishable by fines .
Interestingly, not all are attracted exclusively to one-time projects. Artists from all over the world come to Bushvik just to live and work among the same ones as themselves. So for several years, the authorities of New York were able to create a real art cluster.
1.Work of the Chilean artist Dasik Fernandez in Brooklyn. It is called “On the roof”. Fernandez comes from the capital of Chile, Santiago, but lives and works in New York.
2. Artist Jesus Saves tells that he was born in New York and grew up on graffiti, and took a strange pseudonym in 1995, when he “dedicated his life to God.”
At the same time he insists that he is not religious. According to the artist, he was experiencing drug problems, was first on the street, and then in the hospital, but God gave him another chance. He started drawing in graffiti in Bushvik. Jesus Saves says that in his quarter it was very dark (literally), and with his works he tried to “light” it and give people hope.
3. The work of the famous artist James Bullough, who was born in the US, but prefers living in Berlin. It’s called “Beg. Borrow. Steal”.
4. A picture of another native Bushvik, a Puerto Rican Nepo, who was helped by his friend El Coro.
Nepo says that he does not care what surface to paint, but the place. However, the artist admits that he likes to work with shutters.
5. Work of a native of Milan Federico Massa, known as Iena Cruz. He also lives and works in Brooklyn.
6. The Argentine Ramiro Dávaro-Comas is inspired by travel, comics, skateboard culture, animation, as well as European and South American graffiti.
In addition to New York, he draws in Amsterdam, Berlin, Prague, Miami, Boston and Buenos Aires.
7. One of the works for Bushvik Collective is a street art gallery in the open air where artists from all over the world are exhibited.
8. The work of the Australian self-taught artist Vexta, who calls herself a “nomad of our days” and draws everywhere from Melbourne to Mexico City.
Known for its passion for geometric elements and the juxtaposition of human and animal forms.
9. Painting artist-Hispanic, known under the name of Spok Brillor.
13. Squirrel from the famous artist Peter Roa.