A museum is not just a storage room for art objects, but often a work of art in itself. Ideally, architecture enhances the impact of art on the viewer, and it is a great challenge for the architects themselves to become the creators of such a building. As a result, beautiful museums become points of attraction for tourists and locals and can even change the fate of the city.
Museum of Modern Art
The beautiful museum was designed in 1996 by the famous Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer. He is considered one of the key figures in the development of modernist architecture. This building is an example of the architect’s love of curved lines. He wanted the museum to look like a flower growing out of the rocks.
The history of this one of the most beautiful museums in the world is a famous case of how modern art and architecture can turn an abandoned industrial city into a point of attraction for tourists from all over the world. The deconstructivist building was designed by American-Canadian architect Frank Gehry, and it was immediately recognized as one of the most spectacular in the world. According to one study, it looks like a ship, a bird, an airplane, superman, an artichoke, and budding rose at the same time.
Saint Petersburg, Russia
The beautiful museum, founded by Catherine the Second in 1754 and opened to the public in 1852, still attracts art fans. The Hermitage is one of the twenty most visited museums in the world. The museum’s collection contains more than 2.7 million pieces of art for every taste: from Leonardo da Vinci to Vincent van Gogh.
Hanoi History Museum
One of the best museums in the world, it is built in the form of an inverted pyramid and is surrounded by a park, and the collection inside tells the 1000-year history of the city. The museum was designed by a team of GMP architects in such a way as to beat the reservoirs of the park and at the same time remind of the traditional village architecture of Vietnam.
Mexico City, Mexico
The idea of creating a museum belongs to Carlos Slim, one of the richest people in the world. His personal collection became the foundation of the museum, and now there are 66,000 works from Mexico and Europe for 30 centuries, including the largest collection of Rodin sculptures outside France.
The museum complex was opened in 2001 and combines an old Baroque building and a new one – the brainchild of Polish-American architect Daniel Libeskind in the deconstructivist style. Inside, zigzag corridors, empty concrete spaces without air conditioning, and sloping walls, and floors have been specially created, so that visitors immediately lose their balance and have to make efforts to move forward. The purpose of this is to recreate the history of Jews during the Holocaust, to evoke in visitors the same feeling of insecurity and disorientation experienced by people who were persecuted.
The beautiful museum is located in the Ordos. This is a city in the Gobi Desert, which is called a modern ghost town, a stillborn city, and an unfulfilled utopia. The design belongs to the MAD Architects group and departs from the geometric glass architecture familiar to the modern world in favor of giant spherical shapes.
The Pompidou Center, one of the best museums in the world, has been called in different ways: both an architectural King Kong and an oil refinery. The architects of the project, Richard Rogers, Renzo Piano, and Gianfranco Franchini, came up with this building in the form of a giant parallelepiped (parameters – 166 m, 60 m, and 42 m) with technical structures located outside (reinforcement joints, pipelines, elevators, and escalators).
City of Art and Science
This massive cultural and architectural complex in Valencia has become a popular tourist destination since its opening in 1998. The whole complex includes a cinema, a planetarium, an interactive science museum that looks like a huge whale skeleton, an oceanographic park, a concert hall, an opera, and a sculpture garden.
Military History Museum
Another creation of architect Daniel Libeskind combined two completely different parts. This beautiful museum is a great example of how you can combine the modern and the historical. A five-story addition of steel and glass in the shape of a wedge cuts into the old building. The main theme of the museum itself is violence as a historical, cultural, and anthropological phenomenon and the potential for aggression in every person.