Beginning early July, mirrored spheres have been popping up in cities across the world—from New York and São Paulo to Paris and Dubai. No, it’s not a global Jeff Koons takeover, nor is it a new interpretation of Actually, it is not public art at all but rather an effort by an A.I. company to establish digital identities for the world’s citizens by scanning their eyeballs.
The company behind the project is Worldcoin, founded some three years ago by Alex Blania and Sam Altman, CEO of OpenAI, with the intent to create “a new identity and financial network connecting billions of people in the age of A.I.”
The plan encompasses a privacy-ensuring digital identity it calls World ID and a digital currency, WLD—the former a global identity protocol enabling individuals to prove their personhood online in an era of rampant A.I. deepfakes, and the latter a tool to build toward an “A.I.-funded UBI [universal basic income].”
“Worldcoin is an attempt at global scale alignment,” the founders wrote in a statement. “The journey will be challenging and the outcome is uncertain. But finding new ways to broadly share the coming technological prosperity is a critical challenge of our time.”
According to Worldcoin, its beta phase has seen two million people, including more than 150,000 individuals in Spain, sign up for World ID by allowing the company to collect their biometric data.
To “5x” those numbers, Worldcoin has rolled out about 1,500 of its reflective spheres, dubbed Orbs, to pop-ups in more than 35 cities in 20 countries.
Developed by Tools for Humanity, the Orb is a 6.2 pound biometric imaging device custom-built to verify humanness in a secure way. Passersby need only gaze into its mirrored surface, whereupon the device will scan their irises and generate a unique hash or numeric code attached to their particular set of eyes. In exchange, each participant will receive a World ID and a WLD token.
While Worldcoin has emphasized its privacy protocols throughout the process—biometrics data is deleted after the scan, leaving only the numeric code, which is securely encrypted—its iris-scanning project has raised concerns about how the company might be collecting and sharing its data. (Worldcoin’s early investors, which allegedly include Sam Bankman-Fried of FTX and Three Arrows Capital, have also raised eyebrows.)
Vitalik Buterin, founder of Ethereum, penned a lengthy blog post on July 24 that, while stressing the importance of proof of personhood and leaps in security, highlighted vulnerabilities in Worldcoin’s project, not limited to the risk of hacks, ID-selling, and the 3D-printing of fake people.
“As a community,” he wrote, “we can and should push all participants’ comfort zones on open-sourcing their tech, demand third-party audits, and even third-party-written software, and other checks and balances.”
Earlier still, whistleblower Edward Snowden, upon the project’s announcement in October 2021, decried the company’s use of biometrics and its privacy implications.
“This looks like it produces a global (hash) database of people’s iris scans (for “fairness”), and waves away the implications by saying ‘we deleted the scans!’ he tweeted. “Yeah, but you save the *hashes* produced by the scans. Hashes that match *future* scans.”
He added: “Don’t catalogue eyeballs.”
This looks like it produces a global (hash) database of people’s iris scans (for “fairness”), and waves away the implications by saying “we deleted the scans!”
Yeah, but you save the *hashes* produced by the scans. Hashes that match *future* scans.
Don’t catalogue eyeballs. https://t.co/uAk0NYGeZu
— Edward Snowden (@Snowden) October 23, 2021
In emailed comments, Worldcoin told Artnet News: “Privacy is the bedrock on which Worldcoin is built and spans the protocol’s entire ecosystem including users, developer partners, and Worldcoin Operators. Each aspect of Worldcoin is designed with privacy as a focal point.”
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