This week in the Back Room: dark clouds gathering over the market, mega-gallery Marxism, a van Gogh in the courtroom, and much more—all in a 6-minute read (1,536 words).
Top of the Market
After two years of boom times in the art market, is a correction (finally) here? The anxiety, if not the certainty, of it is shaking up more and more dealers, advisors, and service-providers worldwide, Katya Kazakina wrote last week.
The macroeconomic tremors have been multiplying: high interest rates (with higher ones to come), a war in Ukraine, tepid corporate earnings, weak bonuses for money managers, layoffs in Silicon Valley and on Wall Street. None of this is good for anyone, least of all the art business.
In fact, the cracks were already starting to show in Miami last month, especially when it came to sales of works by some of the young, untested artists recently at the center of the feeding frenzy.
At Art Basel Miami Beach, Katya wrote, “Galleries complained about emptier aisles and fewer transactions. Buyers from Asia and Europe didn’t show up. Major collectors sent advisers. No blood spilled over who gets this or that coveted young artist.”
Dealers below the apex of the commercial hierarchy complained of doing roughly half as much business as in 2021—and twice as slowly. Among top galleries, the uncharacteristic silence was deafening.
On the fair’s second VIP day, David Zwirner “refused to say about the fair—good or bad, on or off the record—and instead invited me to visit his gallery in New York,” Katya wrote. He flew back to New York that same afternoon.
A representative for Zwirner declined to comment on Miami sales or the gallery’s outlook for 2023, with similar silence from representatives of Gagosian, Pace, and Hauser and Wirth.
Apart from anecdotal sales results, we’re now seeing several other concrete signs of a slowdown, including…
A Rise in Discount Hunting
Collectors at every level of the market have become more price-sensitive, according to galleries. By and large, offering a standard 10 percent discount is no longer enough to close a deal. Some potential buyers are pressing their advantage to extremes.
“Twenty percent is the new 10,” one dealer said. “People are asking up to 40 percent. They smell blood.”
Or maybe they just want parity after price hikes of the same magnitude. Since the pandemic, primary prices for some artists have gone up as much as (you guessed it) 40 percent, according to market players. No matter the motivation, the calculus on the buy side has changed.
A Soft Editions Market
For some art pros, one reliable indicator of broader demand is the availability of recent prints and multiples by star artists. Historically, the combo of lower prices and big names has made this space a natural entry point for new collectors during decent (or better) periods.
This indicator on the dashboard is blinking yellow now—and has been for months.
At ABMB in 2018, a print triptych by KAWS (edition 100) sold out within minutes at a list price of $65,000. As of this newsletter’s filing, a new KAWS print (edition 100) launched on January 3, 2023 was still available for $8,500 on the website of the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth.
Also still up for grabs: an $8,000 print by Katherine Bernhardt (edition 100, plus 18 APs), published by David Zwirner Editions in late October 2022; and Scott Kahn’s $15,000 print (edition 35), launched by Pace Prints last August.
If even types of works aren’t selling out, some say, it’s proof that prices and appetites have grown too far apart across the market.
A Struggling Shipping Industry
The surest signal that the vise is tightening? Several art world clients have stopped paying their bills on time. Vendors on the services side of the art trade are speaking up about it, too, with art shippers leading the pack.
Fritz Dietl, owner of Dietl International, told Katya that payments to his firm “have been slowing down” lately, and so have operations. Last year, the brisk business compelled him to hire “a lot” of new staff.
No longer. This year, Dietl said, he’s held off on new hires, preferring to “shuffle internal resources.” If the down trend continues, however, it’s not hard to imagine Dietl and other shippers having to shed workers instead.
The Bottom Line
Everyone seems to agree that the market is due for a correction in 2023. But the line between a correction and a crash is subjective. Like so much else in this industry, the extent of the damage done by a downturn will depend on every business’s existing resources and level of resiliency.
What’s clear, though, is that the wave has already hit the beach. Which means 2023 is poised to reveal who prepared well, who didn’t, and how bad the consequences will be in either case.
The latest Wet Paint tracks Harold Ancart’s “spiritual partnership” with Clearing Gallery and gets pagan with the art world’s most in-demand astrologist, Micki Pellerano.
Here’s what else made a mark around the industry since last Friday morning…
- A diverse international collector base made Singapore’s inaugural ART SG a buzzy market event, though actual sales seemed to fall somewhere between steady and slow. (Artnet News)
- Helen Toomer has been named the director of the new Photofairs New York, which will launch alongside the Armory Show at the Javits Center this September. ()
- Hindman will continue its U.S. expansion by opening a Miami office. The move follows shortly after the founding of the house’s New York saleroom, overseen by ex-Christie’s veteran Gemma Sudlow, plus the opening of a Boston office. ()
- The Louvre Abu Dhabi has been revealed as the mystery buyer of a record €3.5 million ($4 million) painting reattributed to Northern Renaissance artist Bernhard Strigel and sold at the Toulouse auction house Artpaugée last February. ()
- Pace now reps Hank Willis Thomas, though the artist also remains on the rosters of Jack Shainman (New York), Ben Brown (London), and Goodman Gallery (South Africa). The announcement was tied to the unveiling of his much-debated public sculpture dedicated to the memory of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Coretta Scott King. ()
- Hauser and Wirth and Fort Gansevoort now co-represent the estate of Winfred Rembert, whose tooled and painted leather compositions of life in the Jim Crow South have made art world waves of late. A solo show will debut at Hauser’s New York gallery in February. ()
- Max Werner has left his father Michael Werner’s eponymous outfit to work with Lower East Side gallery TOTAH. (Wet Paint)
- Documenta named Andreas Hoffmann its new managing director. Hoffmann, who currently serves as managing director of the Bucerius Kunst Forum in Hamburg, will take over for acting director Ferdinand von Saint André in May. ()
- After 15 years, Paul Thompson is set to step down from his role as head of London’s Royal College of Art, effective summer 2024. ()
- Here’s a guide to eight upcoming art biennales to put on your itinerary this year, from São Paulo to Helsinki. (Artnet News)
NFTs and More
- SFMOMA acquired its first NFT, an editioned work by Lynn Hershman Leeson gifted to the museum by the artist. ()
- teamLab won a small victory in its ongoing copyright dispute with Los Angeles destination the Museum of Dream Space (MODS), which may have infringed on the company’s work. (Artnet News)
“In my mind, everyone understands that the gallery system itself is a redistribution scheme. We’re not the only ones. Even Hauser and Wirth, with their 100,000 square feet a couple miles from us… It’s a handful of artists who are keeping that entire operation open.”
—Commonwealth and Council partner Kibum Kim, contextualizing his gallery’s various initiatives to pass individual artists’ market success along to the rest of the roster. (Artnet News Pro)
Work of the Week
Vincent van Gogh’s
Bought for: £25 million ($40 million at the time)
Acquired at: Christie’s London
Year Acquired: 1987
Near the height of the late 1980s Impressionist market bubble, Japan’s Yasuda Fire and Marine Insurance Company paid a then-hefty £25 million ($40 million) for this 1888 van Gogh canvas. But three people think they are owed an awful lot more for the work—and are seeking satisfaction in court.
The plaintiffs are heirs of Berlin-based banker Paul von Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, who sold off his art collection circa 1934 in an effort to protect his other assets from the Nazis. His heirs’ lawsuit seeks either return of the painting or a hair-raising $750 million in damages, their estimate of the work’s present-day market value.
That’s a rich appraisal, to say the least. Van Gogh’s current auction record is for (1888), one of the headlining lots from Christie’s evening sale of works from the Paul Allen collection last fall. The price? $117.2 million, about 6.5X less than the damages sought in the lawsuit.
No one disputes that Yasuda (which was later incorporated into another company, Sompo Holdings) acquired legally. But Mendelssohn-Bartholdy’s descendants now argue that the company ignored the artwork’s historical context in purchasing it.
If a judge rules in the heirs’ favor, it could force the work back onto the resale market fast, proving that the one “R” (restitution) is becoming as powerful and unpredictable a market-propellent in the 21st century as the three “D’s” (death, debt, and divorce).